WhAT CAUSES BOILER NOISE?
Boiler noise is usually the result of limescale deposition within the heat exchanger of a boiler. This condition is worsened if magnetite is also present in the system, as this combines with the limescale to form a much harder deposit. Other sediment-forming debris such as sand and brick dust entering the system during installation can also become part of the hardened deposit. Local water conditions also play an important part, particularly the scale-forming solids dissolved in the supply water.
Boiler noise is directly related to the rapid condensation or implosion of steam in water. Localised boiling develops on the surface of the deposit, and small steam bubbles are created that make a rattling noise as they leave the surface and travel around the system.
When installed into existing systems, new boilers can become excessively fouled soon afterwards by oxide sludge present in the system water. Replacing a boiler can disturb soft sludge and loosen sediment in other parts of the system, causing it to be transported by the system water and re-deposited in the new heat exchanger.
The same phenomenon can occur as a result of circulator replacement if flow rates change. The risk of sediment and sludge deposition in new boilers can be avoided by cleaning the system as part of the installation process. Guidance on correct cleaning and treatment can be found in BS 7593:2006 Code of Practice for Treatment of Water in Domestic Hot Water Central Heating Systems.
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